amenhotep iii facts At first he attempted to place temples for next to temples for other gods. Amenhotep I may have been quite young when he came to the throne, and his mother Ahmose-Nefertari served as regent. to 1070 B. At one end of the palette is also an inscription of the pharaoh Amenhotep III (ca. C. Merneptah Stele The Merneptah Stele is famous for its inscription by the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Merneptah (1213 to 1203 BC) and was discovered in 1896 at Thebes. " State Health Facts provides free, up-to-date, health data for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, the United States, counties, territories, and other geographies. It is fragmentary: only the head and an arm are known to survive. Amenhotep III is Son of Thutmose IV and his little wife Mutemwia, Amenhotep became king at the age of 12, with his mother as regent. Tiye Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) (about 1351-1334 BC) King of the 18th Dynasty. With his mother, he founded the artisan's village at Deir el-Medina which would fill the necropolis of Thebes for generations. It is believed she was 15 when they wed, which may have been before Akhenaten assumed the From Egyptian jmn-ḥtp meaning "peace of Amon", derived from the name of the Egyptian god AMON combined with ḥtp "peace, satisfaction". Amenhotep III (reign 1388–1351 BC) During Amenhotep III’s 38-year reign, he largely presided over a peaceful and prosperous Egypt. He had several wives and numerous children. 4. Akhenaten claimed to be a direct descendant of Aten and regarded himself to be divine and was himself a God. According to different authors he ruled ca. She was perhaps the first in this hierarchy of counselors to the king. Amenhotep II Each section of this Ancient Egyptian website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about the Golden Age of Pharaohs and of Amenhotep II. The broken statue was discovered in the temple enclosure… He is considered one of the world’s most important religious innovators. Photo by Keith Schengili-Roberts. He was crowned pharaoh with all of the usual flair and began an apparently normal reign. Mummies capture our imaginations and our hearts. However, according to some scholars, this campaign took place in the third year of Amenhotep II’s sole reign. The aim was to determine the cause of death of Tutankhamun, who died at age 19. The 18th dynasty was at its height during his reign. The mummy of King Amenhotep III was discovered in 1881 AD, buried in one of the tombs in Deir el-Bahari in Tomb No. Not only is this the first extant, detailed battle description, but it is the first written reference to the religiously important Megiddo: Megiddo is also known as Armageddon . The ancient Egyptian (Kemet) ruler Pharaoh Amenhotep III was so captivated by Queen Tiye's wisdom and beauty that he defied customs and made her his Great Royal Spouse during the second year of his reign. She was also perhaps the mother of the eldest daughter of the pharaoh – Sitamun. Amenhotep's court astronomer Amenemheb took credit for creating this device in his tomb biography, although the oldest surviving mechanism dates to the reign of Amenhotep III. 12- Thutmose III (1504-1450 BC) was very young when his father, Thutmose II, died and was until 1482 the co-regent of his aunt, Hatshepsut. ) was the ninth ruler of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. 1432 BC. R amses II: Ramses the Great. Nothing as such Pharaoh Tutankhamun, Akhenaten and Amenhotep III were R1b The Egyptians have tested autosomal and Y-DNA markers of three Pharaohs of the 18th dynasty : Amenhotep III, his son Akhenaten and grandson Tutankhamun. Thutmose III grew up learning about the responsibilities and roles of the pharaoh. It appears to have been malaria. Amenhotep III ruled Egypt for nearly four decades, until his death in 1349 B. com The prince named Amenhotep, according to Newberry, eventually ruled as Amenhotep III (Percy Edward Newberry, “Akhenaten’s Eldest Son-in-Law ‘Ankhkhe-prure’,” JEA 14 [1928], 83–84). Arielle Kozloff's AMENHOTEP III is an extraordinary read. He, like Solomon, inherited a vast empire whose influence extended quite literally from the Nile to the Euphrates. The Colossal granite head of Amenhotep III (1350 BC) ,Limestone statue of a husband and wife (1300 BC), Mummy of Cleopatra from Thebes (100 AD),Mummy of Ginger (Around 3300 BC),Limestone false door of Ptahshepses (2380 BC), The Rosetta Stone (196 BC). Amenhotep IV changed most of his 5 fold titulary in year 5 of his reign. Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt - Wikipedia The ancient processional road was built by the pharaoh Amenhotep III and took its final form under Nectanebo I in 400 BCE. Drawing by Megaera Lorenz Origins: Tiye, the beautiful Chief Queen of Amenhotep III and mother of Akhenaten, was the matriarch of the Amarna family. In 1352 BC. Amenhhotep III. ) Chief of Singers of Amun Singer of the Noble Harp of Amun. The tomb that we believe was the final resting place of Amenhotep III (Greek Amenophis III), one of the greatest kings of Egypt during one of its most prosperous eras, is actually located in the West Valley on the West Bank at Luxor (ancient Thebes) and numbered WV22. Amenhotep was a witness to his father’s pride against the God of the Hebrew and saw how their gods were struck powerless. He reigned during a very turbulent time in the Mediterranean that saw the Trojan War, the fall of Mycenae, and a great surge of displaced people from all over the region that wreaked havoc and even toppled some empires. However, he probably was taller than this because his mummy is missing its feet. May 15, 2015 - The 18th Dynasty Ancient Egyptian colossal red granite statue of Amenhotep III, dating from c. On Sunday, archeologists in the famed southern city unveiled two more giant statues of the ancient Egyptian king. com Tomb of Amenhotep III Facts: Tomb number = WV22. The most imposing tomb of this period is that of Amenhotep III, WV22 located in the West Valley. The construction of the Luxor Temple began during the time of pharaoh Amenhotep III at around 1400 BCE. Akhenaten (original pronunciation ʔxnʔtn, vowels unknown; modern pronunciation axɛnatɛn), known as Amenhotep IV at the start of his reign, was a Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty, especially notable for single-handedly restructuring the Egyptian religion to monotheisticly worship the Aten. The Nefertiti bust went on public display in Berlin in 1923. Amenhotep maintained peace throughout the empire and undertook extensive building works. 2. Her marriage to the pharaoh Amenhotep III is heralded early in Amenhotep III's reign on what is now referred to as "the marriage scarab," part of series of inscribed scarabs commissioned by Amenhotep III A massive statue of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, toppled in an earthquake some 3,000 years ago, has been restored in Luxor, Egypt. Amenhotep III, father of Amenhotep IV, was said to be the Pharaoh of Exodus. A point in favour of a co-regency is the appearance during the latter years of Amenhotep III's reign of artistic styles that are subsequently seen as part of the 'revolutionary' Amarna art introduced by Akhenaten; on the other hand, both 'traditional' and 'revolutionary' art styles could easily have co-existed during the early years of Akhenaten's reign. Kneeling Amenhotep III as the god Neferhotep. It also describes a separate campaign in Canaan, which was then part of Egypt’s […] Amenhotep III (c. , and her presence seems to have caused quite a stir. Amenhotep's most important title was The exact date when Nefertiti married Amenhotep III's son, the future pharaoh Amenhotep IV, is unknown. Akhenaton started his reign as most Egyptian kings. Amarna B. Avukana Buddha Statue in Sri Lanka, Lincoln Memorial in America, Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, US, The Colossal Red Granite Statue of Amenhotep III in Karnak, Egypt 1. Amenhotep IV D. Mayer. He likely had an adult advisor Amenhotep III, one of the great builders of ancient Egypt, constructed the temple during his New Kingdom reign, which lasted from 1390 to 1352 BC. Amenhotep I invaded Nubia to maintain Egyptian dominance there, but let go the territories in the Levant. builder, Ramesses also repurposed many existing monuments to add to Amenhotep III. slu. Ramses II -- Great Facts. They stand on the West Bank, directly across the Nile from Thebes. The Tomb was completely stolen by tomb robbers during the weakness of the Pharaonic civilization. He is also known as the ruler that made people believe in an untraditional god named Aten. As a sphinx, Hatshepsut displays a Thutmoses III was the Pharaoh of the Exodus who reigned 1485 - 1431 BC in three phases. Amenhotep III was the son and successor of Thutmose IV, who, like his grandson Tutankhamun ascended the throne at a very young age. Amenhotep III - Pharaoh during the conquest of Canaan. 1417– c. The Blue Crown (called the khepresh) was apparently the king's preferred royal headdress and is worn by him in many of his statues and reliefs However, such theory suggesting foreign origin of Nefertiti and that Tadukhipa, who married Akhenaten’s father, Pharaoh Amenhotep III, changed her name to marry Akhenaten is not substantiated by any evidential proof. Category:History of Horticulture - In the Autumn of 1968, Professor Freeman S. Cleopatra joined Julius Caesar in Rome beginning in 46 B. The exodus occurred in Thutmoses III's 18 year of rule after his mother died. Traditionally held in the thirtieth year of the Pharaoh's reign, it possibly was a festival in honour of Amenhotep III. The name of the statues came to be after an earthquake damaged the right (northern) statue. During Amenhotep III’s rule, Egypt constructed many temples, expanded several cities, and established peace (5). Hatshepsut declared herself pharaoh, ruling as a man would for over 20 years and portraying herself in statues and paintings with a male body and false beard. Amenhotep III undertook large scale building programmes, the extent of which can only be compared with those of the much longer reign of Ramesses II during Dynasty XIX. He was also called Amenophis and his name Amenhotep means Amun, one of the gods in Egypt. The Colonnade of Amenhotep III has seven pairs of 52 foot (16m) high open-flower papyrus columns, which still support their huge architrave blocks. These liaisons ensured favorable relationships with foreign governments. Construction of the temple was begun by the pharaoh Amenhotep III (1390-52 BC) and was completed by Tutankhamen (1336-27 BC) and Horemheb (1323-1295 BC) and then added to by Rameses II (1279-13 BC). A marble bust of Cleopatra is on display in the Altes Museum in Berlin, Germany. Aug 31, 2014 - AMENHOTEP I was the son of Ahmose-Nefertari & the brother of Mutnofret. Yet another theory says that Thutmosis III was the pharaoh during Hebrew exodus. The reign of Thutmose III was started on April 24th, 1479 BC. He transformed Egypt into an international powerhouse with a great deal of artistic works that peaked during his era. Both were worshiped as deities Amenhotep inherited a vast kingdom from his father Thutmose III, and held it by means of a few military campaigns in Syria; however, he fought much less than his father, and his reign saw the effective cessation of hostilities between Egypt and Mitanni, the major kingdoms vying for power in Syria. In what was then Thebes, Luxor Temple was “the place of the First Occasion,” where the god Amon experienced rebirth during the pharaoh’s annually reenacted The Colossi of Memnon was built in the New Kingdom (18th Dynasty) by Amenhotep III who reigned from 1391-1353 BCE. 62 meters) tall. C. The baboon has comically bushy eyebrows. The statue is made of red granite. Accession Number 1970. Pharaoh Thutmose III's military scribe inscribed it in hieroglyphs at Thutmose's temple at Karnak, Thebes (now Luxor). Egyptian Gold Coin C. 1426–00 bce), son of Thutmose III. Amenhotep III reserved the greatest works for his hometown, Thebes, today's Luxor. Eleven C. He succeeded his father, Thutmose IV. It was during the rule of Ramses II that new features to the temple were added. In 1353 B. 1390–1352 B. The reliefs on the walls of the hall bear the names of Tutankhamun, Horemheb, Seti I, Rameses II and Seti II. , masons entered his mortuary temple and methodically chiseled out every mention of Amun, the god said to have fathered the great pharaoh. A daughter of Satiya, the king of Enisasi. Some Egyptologists think that he had a coregency with Amenhotep IV of 2–12 years. Others believed that he ruled from June 1388 BC till December 1351 BC. About Tomb KV 39 . 73 metre tall head of In conclusion Amenhotep III is the Pharaoh of the Exodus, Thutmose III is the Pharaoh who was reigning when Moses was born c. Amenhotep was also called Amenhotep the Magnificent and Queen Tiye was his ‘Great Royal’ wife. The temple is just to the south-east of the Temple of Karnak. C. He later went on to become Egypt's greatest conqueror and conducted at least 16 campaigns in 20 years. The location of the tomb and its plan of architecture are unique from most other tombs. The pharaoh Amenhotep III lived during the period of the New Kingdom from 1570 until 1069 B. State Health Facts provides Matthew J. Tiye was elevated to the position of Great Royal Wife during the reign of Amenhotep. Atul C. This expanding empire was threatened on every frontier and when Amenhotep III and his son Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) came to power, they were not much given to the pursuit 2 Watterson, Barbara. His father, Thutmose II, was pharaoh of Egypt. Ramses III was the second ruler of Egypt’s Twentieth Dynasty and was one of the last great Egyptian pharaohs. Amenhotep III (reigned 1417-1379 B. "Mickey" 08/24/1935 - 03/17/2021 Long time Aurora resident Matthew J One side of each throwing stick is painted black. She was living in Rome at the time of Caesar’s assassination. Amenhotep III Facts about Amenhotep III 1: the reign There are different sources about the reign of Amenhotep III. Mitanni princess Tadukhipa which was the widow of Amenhoteo III. He was a Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty and he was the father of Tutankhamun, husband to Queen Nefertiti. History records that they would later have at least 7 children, or they might have actually had more. Born to Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye, Akhenaten was not much wanted in his family. TOPICS: ancient Egypt goddess Sekhmet Temple of Amenhotep III Posted By: Dattatreya Mandal December 12, 2017 Last year, we talked about the discovery of eight imposing statues of Sekhmet, all crafted in black-granite, from the Kom El-Hettan site of the Temple of Amenhotep III, on Luxor’s west bank. Amenhotep III was given the moniker, “Amenhotep the Magnificent”. Djeserkare Amenhotep I (d. Indeed, she exploited them. Tomb KV 39 in the Valley of the Kings is believed to be the tomb of Pharaoh Amenhotep I. In the years that followed, the temple gradually became lost to the world. The bust has a limestone core, layered with gypsum and stucco. Amenhotep inherited a wealthy, powerful state (in part due to the military success of his grandfather, Tuthmosis III). One hears of Imhotep, who worked during Zoser’s reign, and of Senmut, who worked under Queen Hatshepsut, Amenhotep, the chief architect of Amenhotep III, and Ineni, who designed the great Der-el-Bahri. They include a number of sarcophagi and pottery as well as a large statue of Amenhotep III with God …. Abraham, Joseph, and Moses in Egypt- (IA abrahamjosephmo00kell). Akhenaten’s father ruled for about forty years and his rule is believed to have been successful. Amenhotep III came to the throne at a time when his country was at the height of its political power, economic prosperity, and cultural Amenhotep II, king of ancient Egypt (reigned c. Born in Atlanta, Georgia in the United States of America, Martin Luther King is famous for campaigning for the rights of African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s and his assassination in 1968 The reign of Ramses III marked the beginning of the decline of ancient Egypt’s greatness, and many scholars consider him to be the last king to yield substantial authority over Egypt. 8 x 5. 1390–1352 BC) ruled Egypt during the 18th dynasty of the New Kingdom for 38 years. Little is known about his life as a crown prince. His rule was unusual becuse of its peaceful nature. Amenhotep III (reigned 1417-1379 B. (AUDIO: The Roof of the World) He once made a boat entirely out of gold, simply because he wanted one. Being the ninth pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, Amenhotep ruled for 38 long years before Akhenaten succeeded him. His mother was probably Merytra, a daughter of Huy, who was a divine adoratrice of Amun and Atum and chief of choristers for Ra. See full list on study. 1413-1377 BC, 1405-1367 BC, or 1386-1349 BC, following on from his father Thutmose IV. More Facts on Cleopatra. Tadukhepa, the daughter of his ally Tushratta of Mitanni, Around Year 36 of his reign. Called Amenhotep at birth, the king changed his name to Akhenaten in the sixth year of his reign. Consequently, the reign of Amenhotep III and Tiye was known to have been a pleasant and nonviolent one. A month before that Amenhotep IV had officially changed his name to Akhenaten. A daughter of Kurigalzu, king of Babylon. It was discovered in 1900 by two locals from Luxor and in 1908 was descried as "ruined", which means that despite his best efforts, Amenhotep I's tomb was looted early on. Meaning & History. Amenhotep III ruled Egypt at the hieght of its prosperity. 5. Ancient Egyptian Wigs We put together this list of 10 facts to answer your most pressing questions about these amazing Amenhotep Huy was an important nobleman from the time of Amenhotep III. the records of Amenhotep II’s reign? Is there any evidence to confirm that Amenhotep II interacted with the Hebrews after they left Egypt? If Amenhotep II is the exodus-pharaoh, could the obliteration of Hatshepsut’s image from many Egyptian monuments and inscriptions be attributed to backlash from the exodus events? II. He was born to Amenhotep III and his Chief Queen Tiye and was his father's younger son. First against the Libyans and then against the Sea Peoples. Two D. e. Great Royal Wife of Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten Additional facts and information about the Tomb of Amenhotep III & Howard Carter The Tomb of Amenhotep III is the oldest tomb in the Valley of the Kings and consists of corridors and chambers and accessed via a staircase. 1. Their known kids were; Sitamun (Eldest daughter), Isis, Henuttaneb, Nebetah, Crown Prince Thutmose, Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten (Who succeeded his father as Pharaoh and was the husband of Nefertiti ) and Smenkhkare. Indeed, Amenhotep III’s accomplishments as pharaoh were more cultural and diplomatic than military; few pharaohs can match his architectural and artistic legacy. A colossal red granite head of ancient Egypt's King Amenhotep III (circa 1390-1352 BC) has been discovered in his funerary temple of the Kom El-Hettan area on Luxor's West Bank. Amenhotep III is entombed inside the limestone hills of the Theban Necropolis, a sprawling cemetery on the banks of the Nile River opposite modern-day Luxor, where pharaohs and their queens, priests, and royal scribes were buried between the sixteenth and eleventh centuries B. It was completed during the time of Tutankhamun and Horemheb. Fun Cleopatra Facts For Kids. Amenhotep III, also known as Amenhotep the Magnificent, the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty. According to Manetho Amenhotep reigned for 20 years and 7 months. 5. FACTS: 1. She may have been a niece or daughter of Ay, who was a keeper of records under King Amenhotep III. His father left him a stable empire while being only twelve years old. Akhenaten D. Whether he actually lived for a time in this city is a matter of conjecture; Tiy certainly did and may well have died there, to be taken back to Thebes for burial. The facial features of this head of Amenhotep III show the stylistic elements of his later representations: highly arched brows, elongated almond-shaped eyes, and full, sharply outlined lips. He continued the work started by his fatherThutmose III to remove the name of Queen Hatshepsut from Ancient Egyptian historical records. He's the fifth cousin of the Old West legend, and the filmmakers found a role for the distant relative in their movie, seemingly as a The bust was discovered by German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt while excavating the ruins of Thutmose’s Amarna workshop on the 6th December 1912. He inherited the kingdom formed by the military conquests of his father, and maintained dominance over Nubia and the Delta, however probably did not attempt to keep power in Syrio-Palestine. Father of Tutankhamun and husband to the heretic Queen Nefertiti. None of the above . Her writing style flows effortlessly, enriched by a lifetime of observation and study of Egypt past and present--on the very ground, in collections and literature, and even from above via Google Earth. He was very busy man as the son of a well-known ruler and was one himself. The first of his campaigns is believed to have started while Thoutmosis III was still alive, yet successfully accomplished after his death. (d) Amenhotep III Answer We hope the given NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 English Hornbill Chapter 3 Discovering Tut: The Saga Continues with Answers Pdf free download will help you. He gave many See full list on givemehistory. At the beginning of his reign, he chose the daughter of a provincial civil servant as his great royal wife and, during the rest of the reign, Queen Tiy was represented in an important position alongside the king. (8) In contrast to the empire of Solomon, the empire of Amenhotep is indisputable. I believe we should honor these ancient dead and let Built just south of the Third Nile Cataract, by Pharaoh Amenhotep III (18th Dynasty, ruled 1390-1352 BC) in honor of the god Amun-Re and to Nebmaatre - which was simply another name for Pharaoh Amenhotep as Lord of Nubia. Initially given the name Amenhotep IV (David, and David 175) Akhenaten came from two different lineages; Mitanni Aryan lineage of his father Amenhotep III and his intellectual and spirited mother, Tii, who was assumed to come from the Beja or Abebdeh tribe. Constructed over hundreds of years by Amenhotep III, Ramses II, Tutankhamun, and other pharaohs, Luxor Temple was the largest and most significant religious center in ancient Egypt. Older Greek cities claimed mythical heroes as their founders, and Alexander the Great was a hero worth claiming as founder by the Alexandrians, but the stories that Alexander did personally found the city belong more to legend The sandstone carving had an impressive height of 3. He is also referred to the ‘Sun King’ or Amenhotep the magnificent. As a result Amenhotep III enjoyed intimate liaisons with innumerable native and foreign princesses. Wyatt Earp III is, indeed, the lineage of the real Wyatt Earp. Most of these items on display belong to Egypt and are over 5000 years old 10. His father had been a prolific builder and Amenhotep followed in his father's footsteps initiating many monuments dedicated to Amun-Ra the great sun god. It was also over 3,000 years old, which placed it near the end of pharaoh Amenhotep III’s reign. Some sources believed that he was a pharaoh of Egypt from June 1386 till 1349 BC. Moses fled towards the end of Thutmose’s reign c. Ruling at the height of Egypt’s imperial era, he strove to maintain his father’s conquests by physical and military skills. Amenhotep II’s upbringing was carefully guided by his warrior father, with great emphasis on See full list on ancient-egypt-online. Learn about the world-famous civil rights campaigner in our Martin Luther King facts. 1391 - c. However, there is a working theory that the name Moses is derived from Thutmose, who also happened to be the mysterious son of pharaoh Amenhotep III who disappeared into history without a trace. The author's account of her Pharaoh's monumentally magnificent Heb-Sed festival, bringing together the myriad bits of scattered information into a jaw-dropping mind's eye spectacle is alone worth the price. This invention was of great benefit for timekeeping, because the Egyptian hour was not a fixed amount of time, but was measured as 1/12 of the night. Let’s see all of the children that Akhenaten had, in order and in year by the Amenhotep III’s reign: 1. 1391 BC. Traditionally held in the thirtieth year of the Pharaoh's reign, it possibly was a festival in honour of Amenhotep III. He was the 9 th pharaoh during the 18 th He ruled from 1386 until 1351 BCE. Find out other surprising facts about Thutmose III by reading the whole post: Facts about Thutmose III 1: the co-regent Amenhotep III was Pharaoh for about 39 years and made Egypt powerful. Read up on the interesting Amarna letters on Amenhotep’s foreign relations. 1379 BCE). Facts about Akhenaten 3: Name. 3 cm (5 1/8 x 1 1/2 x 2 1/16 in. in Ancient Egypt, in Thebes, from the previous ruler Amenhotep III and Tiye. Having taken the throne of the most powerful civilization in His reign was approximately from 1386 BC to 1351 BC. Akhenaten born as Amenhotep IV was the son of Amenhotep III, the Magnificent, the ninth ruler of the Eighteenth Dynasty, and Queen Tiye who was of non-royal origin and Amenhotep III’s Great Royal Wife. Amenhotep III When Amenhotep III (reigned c1390 - 1352 BC) became Pharaoh in 1390 BC, Egypt had become the richest and most powerful nation on earth through war and conquest. He built the Temple of Amun that's now in modern Amenhotep III's reign was not just prosperous, but also peaceful. 13- The fact in line # 12 gives us historical explanation to the change happened in Moses life that caused him to leave the royal palace and look for his burdened people in the way mentioned in (Ex 2:11). But fairly early in his reign he introduced a monotheistic worship of Aten, the Sun God. An indication of the antiquity of the temple site is given by the astronomical alignment of the main temple to Gamma Draconis before 5000BC. The Pharaoh was a patron of the arts, and during his reign magnificent buildings and sculptures were created. Pharaoh: Amenhotep III (1377-1351 B. C) Interesting facts Amenhotep III mask 1. It dates back to the 15th century B. 1472 BC and his daughter took him in, possibly Beketamun. Artists did not hold back on the sarcasm when it came to Egypt’s enemies. Imhotep was an Egyptian chancellor to the pharaoh Djoser, probably architect of the step pyramid, and high priest of the Sun god Ra at Heliopolis. C. Hawass, who led the 2010 JAMA study, told LiveScience in an email Friday (Feb. The Exodus was c. Late date of 1250 BC where Ramesses II (1279–1213 BC, low chronology) is the pharaoh of the exodus: The controversial religious revisions were made during and after the 5th year of the reign of Pharaoh Amenhotep IV (the son of Amenhotep III and husband to Nefertiti), later known as Akhenaten (‘Effective for Aten’), who went on to proclaim that Aten, often personified as the disc of the sun as visible from the earth, was to be venerated 6. Amenhotep III (RULED 1391 BC – 1353 BC) (Ah-men-oh-tep) Amenhotep III ruled the Egyptian Empire during the peak of its international power and prosperity. The second is a 2. com Amenhotep III (called Nibmu(`w)areya in the Amarna letters) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the XVIIIth dynasty. The number of black sides you roll determines the number of spaces you can move. He lived during the reign of Amenhotep III, the father of Akhenaten. Amenhotep III reign was full of unprecedented success. He took the throne since he was two years old. Amenhotep III, known in ancient times as the "King of Kings" and "Ruler of Ruler's," (7) was a Pharaoh of Egypt's glorious 18th Dynasty. C in which Egypt became a country of international power and wealth. 5 Pictographs The exact date when Nefertiti married Amenhotep III's son, the future pharaoh Amenhotep IV, is unknown. This was the name of four pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Amenhotep III, known as the Magnificent, who ruled over Egypt during a time of great prosperity. Leave a Comment Cancel reply. C. The new king tried a Not long after Amenhotep III died, in 1353 B. He was the 9th pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty. Who was Amenhotep III married to? Early in his reign Amenhotep III married Tiye, who originated from Akhmīm in the south of Egypt; she was the favoured wife of the king during his thirty-eight-year reign. [2] Her image, like those of most other gods and goddesses in Amenhotep III’s memorial temple, was not attacked during Akhenaten’s religious purge. He is mainly referred to as Amenhotep the magnificent. He married Tiye, who was given the title “Great Royal Wife”. Soleb (Sulb, Solib) temple was over 400 feet long, and the entire enclosure was about 700 by 800 feet. Medium/Technique Glazed steatite. 1386 to 1350 BCE) and his primary wife Tiy. Interesting Amenhotep III Facts He was born around 1392 BC. C in which Egypt became a country of international power and wealth. King Ramesses the Great and Amenhotep III were two of the most famous pharaohs of this period. Amenhotep III is a Pharaoh of the 18 th dynasty of the new kingdom around 1382 to 1344 BC. It is believed she was 15 when they wed, which may have been before Akhenaten assumed the PlantFacts Glossary - Illustrated definitions of commonly used horticultural and turfgrass science terms. He had an older brother Ahmose-Sipair who died before he could ascend the throne. He was annoyed when his priest destroyed the scrolls relating to the Great Old One. 6 Famous Pharaohs. Fact 8 Akhenaten's mummy has never been found. , pharaohs resided at Memphis Fact 8 on Tiy: Her husband assumed the throne of Egypt and the title of Pharaoh Amenhotep III when his father, King Thutmose IV died. Kavanagh III Kavanagh, III, Matthew J. Full of secrets and magic, they were once people who lived and loved, just as we do today. Comment. He wanted to throw her to the lepers. Amenhotep III continued to advance the cause of Egypt and to provide for its people a better life than they had ever known in the past. He was the son of Thutmose IV and his mother was Mutemwiya. C. Amenhotep was the first Egyptian ruler (maybe ever) to engage in massive public image campaigns. Other than it's little conflict in Nubia, no major wars were fought. Colossal statue of Amenhotep III. Akhenaten was born as Amenhotep IV (in Greek Amenophis IV) in the 7th or 8th year of his father's reign (ca. Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt - Narmer Amenhotep III was buried on WV22 in the Kings’ Valley in Year 38 or Year 39 of his reign (1353 BC/1350 B. He was the 9 th pharaoh during the 18 th He ruled from 1386 until 1351 BCE. For how many years did Tutankhamun rule Egypt? A. In the ancient world, the best way to assure good relations between nations was by dynastic marriage. During most of the so-called New Kingdom, which lasted from 1570 B. 3. 3. We saw that under the reign of Akhenaten’s father, Amenophis (Amenhotep) III, the god Amun was considered more and more as a manifestation of the sun in the form of Amun-Ra. that Amenhotep was the first king to start building tombs in this most-famous valley. During Roman times, the temple was taken over and parts were converted into a church. What was found with Tutankhamun's body? A. What name did Amenhotep IV change to? A. it is located where the village de reposlie. The Temple of Luxor is a large temple complex that was founded around the year 1400 B. Amenhotep III reign was full of unprecedented success. With his Chief Queen Tiy, he fathered Akhenaten, who succeeded him on the throne. She was a Nubian commoner--a Black woman who married above her station. As the son of Amenhotep III, he inherited a prosperous and peaceful nation. Nine B. He was the son of the Mayor of Memphis Heby and his wife Tutuya according to a stela. Amenhotep III and the Glory of Egypt. The translation of his name is “ Amenhotep III (c. by Jimmy Dunn writing as Mark Andrews. On day 13, Month 8, in the fifth year of his reign, the king arrived at the site of the new city Akhenaten. Her writing style flows effortlessly, enriched by a lifetime of observation and study of Egypt past and present--on the very ground, in collections and literature, and even from above via Google Earth. 1401-1353 BCE) in hieroglyphics as well as the epithet “beloved of Re. ( Public Domain ) Amenhotep and Tiye had a few children, but it is unknown how many of their children survived childhood. Amenhotep II was an Egyptian pharaoh and the father of Erimem. It is thought that his father reigned as co-regent during the first few years, but this is disputed by some scholars. King Amenhotep III (1390-1352 BC) commissioned a large number of statues of himself in Thebes, mostly for his mortuary temple on the west bank of the Nile. pdf 902 × 1,302, 194 pages; 11. Genetic testing has verified that King Tut was the grandson of the great pharaoh Amenhotep III, and almost certainly the son of Akhenaten, a controversial figure in the history of the 18th dynasty Amenhotep III died in Year 38 or Year 39 of his reign (1353 BC/1350 BC) and was buried in the Valley of the Kings in WV22; however, Tiye is known to have outlived him by as many as 12 years. C. He ruled Egypt for around forty years and his rule is generally considered to have been a golden age. 5 ft). The Pharaoh was a patron of the arts, and during his reign magnificent buildings and sculptures were created. Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1390-1352 BC) began construction of the great Colonnade Hall at the end of his reign, but died before it was completed. 5 meters (11. C. at the age of 50. We believe that Amenhotep III ruled for almost 40 years during the 18th Dynasty of Egypt's history that represented one of its most prosperous and stable periods. Redford points out that Newberry’s argument is not compelling, as all of the others in the scene could easily be wearing the cartouche of Thutmose IV Ancient Egyptian facts: Co-regency with his father; Akhenaten was not meant to rule the Kingdom, as his father King Amenhotep III made Amenhotep IV’s older brother a co-regent, but his brother died during the lifetime of Amenhotep IV, so Akhenaten became the heir to the throne. Early Believer in Sun Religion. (See Below) These tablets are from the leaders of Canaan to the Pharaoh asking for military help against a group of Semitic nomads who were invading the land of Canaan. 5 m thick. Horace L. Dimensions Height x width x depth: 13 x 3. Media in category "Colossal granite head of Amenhotep III, British Museum" The following 23 files are in this category, out of 23 total. Statue of Amenhotep III. Gold B. This area boasts many tombs which have historical and architectural significance. Over 3,500 years ago, Rome was no more than a soggy marsh and the Acropolis was just an empty rock, but Egypt was on the brink of its greatest age - the New Kingdom. Amenhotep III Amenhotep III (c. New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III. ) Credit Line Gift of Mrs. C. They had six daughters and, according to some, one son. Amenhotep III died in Year 38 or Year 39 of his reign (1353 BC/1350 BC) and was buried in the Valley of the Kings in WV22; however, Tiye is known to have outlived him by as many as twelve years. for Amenhotep III is located here: Click >> Amenhotep III, as is the case with the leader of any Superpower, had many foreign policy responsibilities. Amenhotep III's reign was luxurious, and Egypt was the most powerful and richest nation in the region, if not the world, and so the king was free to expend this wealth in building a grand palace for his queen at Malkata, across the river from Thebes and the old palace of his father. Fact 9 on Tiy: Pharaoh Amenhotep III had inherited a prosperous country. C. , or one year later after Akhenaten's birth Amenhotep III died. Amenhotep was the son of Tuthmosis III, with whom he may have served a short co-regency of about two years. Well, now it is considered that, as the Aten, the sun disc visible everywhere and by everyone, he fulfils his celestial circumnavigation and by this fact, encompasses the whole universe with his power. See full list on ancient. It ended on March 11, 1425 BC. Amenhotep III had recognized the growing power of the priesthood of Amun and had sought to curb it; his son was to take the matter a lot further by introducing a new monotheistic cult of sun-worship that was incarnate in the sun's disc, the Aten. edu An interesting painted sandstone stele found in a private household shrine at el- Amarna shows an elderly, rather obese Amenhotep III, seated with Queen Tiy. Amenhotep III C. Amenhotep III was an extremely popular pharaoh, and that may not be an accident. Cleopatra VII. fl. There was an explosion of Amenhotep III — One of the most accomplished Pharaoh’s of the New Kingdom, Amenhotep took Egypt to great heights in terms of architectural splendor and military prowess. He continued to rebuild temples in upper Egypt, and revolutionized mortuary complex design by separating Fact 7 He succeeded his father after Amenhotep III's death at the end of his 38-year reign, possibly after a short coregency lasting between either 1 to 2 years. Fact 9 Akhenaten died in the 17th year of his reign. The name of the statues came to be after an earthquake damaged the right (northern) statue. Amenhotep III, Tut’s father or grandfather, was a powerful pharaoh who ruled for almost four decades at the height of the eighteenth dynasty’s golden age. Mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III facts: The temple is currently demolished and contains a few parts of the funerary temple in addition to a Colossi of Memnon statue that is being restored by the Egyptian government and foreign missions. King Tut’s Family Secrets. Some brief information on Amenhotep III with links to information on other pharaohs. He was the 9 th pharaoh, the grandson of Thutmosis III. Avukana Buddha Statue in Sri Lanka, Lincoln Memorial in America, Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, US, The Colossal Red Granite Statue of Amenhotep III in Karnak, Egypt 1. From Egyptian jmn-ḥtp meaning "peace of Amon", derived from the name of the Egyptian god AMON combined with ḥtp "peace, satisfaction". Ramses III (approximately 1186 BC to 1155 BC) - This great military leader defended ancient Egypt from several invasions. A daughter of Tarhundaradu, Amenhotep III, also called Amenophis III, king of ancient Egypt (reigned 1390–53 bce) in a period of peaceful prosperity, who devoted himself to expanding diplomatic contacts and to extensive building in Egypt and Nubia. The pharaoh Amenhotep III lived during the period of the New Kingdom from 1570 until 1069 B. ) was the ninth ruler of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. Meritaten, year 1. 5 Pictographs A carving done during the reign of Amenhotep III (1389–1349 BC) shows a scribe and a baboon, the animal associated with Thoth, god of writing. Pharaoh Amenhotep III already towers over Egypt’s temple city of Luxor, immortalized in 16-foot high twin statues that guard the entrance to his funerary temple. Akhenaten was Queen Tiye A Biography by Megaera Lorenz. Most of the temple was built by Ramesses II who is considered to be one of the most powerful pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. He was one out of the many children born by Amenhotep III and Tiye. B. They stand on the West Bank, directly across the Nile from Thebes. As queen When Nefertiti was fifteen years old, she married Amenhotep IV, who was a year older and became king upon his father's death. The statue was discovered inside a carving workshop but under a lot of quarry debris from a later age. See full list on mathstat. In the same year he created a new city as royal residence and dedicated it to the sun-god. Howlett taught Horticulture 805, a course titled "The History and Literature of Horticulture: From Earliest Times to the Present. The founder of the dynasty was his father, Setnakht. His son Amenhotep IV succeeded him and initiated one of the strangest periods in the history of ancient Egypt. It's speculated by some historians trhat when the temple was originally built, it was the largest temple to be built on this part of the Nile. Some time after he became sole monarch. As is true with most ancient Egyptian individuals, little is known of Amenemhab's personal life. Website on Amenhotep III. The burial site of Tutankhamun is one of the most famous in the entire Valley of the Kings. By Owen Jarus - Live Science Contributor 13 March 2014. Some Egyptologists think that he had a coregency with Amenhotep IV of 2–12 years. 25 Interesting And Bizarre Facts About Imhotep. We must grant to Amenhotep III's grandfather, Tuthmosis III, who is sometimes referred to as the Napoleon of ancient Egypt, the foundation of this success by dominating through military action Egypt's Syrian, Nubian and Libyan neighbors. Ramose was the vizier of Akhenaten’s father Amenhotep III and continued in the position during his son’s reign. . After dying, Amenhotep I was defined as a patron god who lived in Deir el-Medina. Amenhotep III died in around 1354 BC and was buried in his huge tomb in the secluded western branch of the Valley of the Kings. ) but it is understood that Tiye had survived him for as much as 12 years. name Amenhotep III possibly from his tomb. He passed away at the age of 56. Five . According to records, harvests during much of his reign were rich and so Amenhotep became to be thought of as a fertility god. KV35 in Luxor. Very little is known of Imhotep as a historical figure, but in the 3000 years following his death, he was gradually glorified and deified. Thutmose III has often been compared to Napoleon Bonaparte, not only for his imperial aspirations, but also for his short stature. In its current form, however, the temple appears to be one of the many projects the Ramesses II commissioned during his long reign. Soleb (Sulb, Solib) temple was over 400 feet long, and the entire enclosure was about 700 by 800 feet. The formidable Queen Tiye didn't descend from Egyptian royalty. See full list on ancient-egypt-online. He became pharaoh somewhere between the ages of 6 and 12. com Interesting Facts about Amenhotep III Amenhotep III was born in 1392 BCE. He became the pharaoh of Egypt for 54 years. . Amenhotep III(1386-1349 BC) was a pharaoh from the 18th Dynasty (1570-1293 BC) who was a prolific builder and a relatively benevolent ruler. During this time, several women of great talent appeared and were able to make many contributions. Krauss wrote, “The conclusion seems inescapable that Akhenaten recognized Ptah-Sokar-Osiris as a god—a god for whom he may have shown no great personal interest, but whom he evidently found The last great monarch of ancient Egypt, Ramses III was the second ruler of the twentieth dynasty. Wife of Akhenaten. Gilukhepa, the daughter of Shuttarna II of Mitanni, in the tenth year of his reign. The Gods of Ancient Egypt. He was the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty. Son of Amenhotep III and queen Tiy. Early texts refer to a Pre-dynastic temple that was rebuilt during the Old Kingdom, and further developed by New Kingdom pharaohs including Thutmose III, Amenhotep III, and Ramses II and III. 152. He was also responsible for the building of numerous beautiful palaces and temples and is considered the last great Pharaoh. 1506 BC or 1504 BC) was the second Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. Amenhotep III and the Glory of Egypt. 1354 BC) The reign of the pharaoh Amenhotep III marks the zenith of ancient Egyptian civilisation, both in terms of political power and cultural achievement. Built just south of the Third Nile Cataract, by Pharaoh Amenhotep III (18th Dynasty, ruled 1390-1352 BC) in honor of the god Amun-Re and to Nebmaatre - which was simply another name for Pharaoh Amenhotep as Lord of Nubia. The first newly discovered artefact is a fragmrnt of a larger statue of King Amenhotep III, which features two legs that each measure 30 centimetres tall. He was the second son to Amenhotep III (ruled ca. The temple was also known as the "house of millions of years', and was surrounded by an enclosure wall measuring 700 x 550 m, 8. In 1887 a number of cuneiform tablets mostly written in Akkadian were found at Amarna. 636. Players move their pieces down ten squares, turn the corner, complete the thirty squares and remove the piece from the board. Egyptian. Amenhotep’s son was the (in)famous Akhenaten. Naming himself Akhenaten and thus referring to the Aten, and abjuring his previous name Amenhotep referring to that god, the king proclaimed the founding and layout of a city he called Akhetaten, or Horizon of the Aten: he prescribed temples for the Aten, a so-called sunshade shrine in the name of Nefertiti, palaces, burial places for the royal family and high officials, and festivals and ritual provisions for the Aten. His reign is usually dated from 1427 to 1400 BC. Arielle Kozloff's AMENHOTEP III is an extraordinary read. Estimates of dates of his reign vary from 1386 to 1350 BC. This was the name of four pharaohs of the New Kingdom, including Amenhotep III, known as the Magnificent, who ruled over Egypt during a time of great prosperity. 3. The tomb of Ramose at Thebes (TT55) provides the best example of the sudden shift in artistic styles among the populace in response to the ruler’s religious revolution. C. Tutankhamun (1336-1327 BC) finished the structure and was responsible for the decoration of most of the inner walls, but died before the decoration could be finished. Green steatite statue of Queen Tiye in the Louvre (France) (N 2312, E 25493). Also known as the Southern Sanctuary, its main function was during the annual Opet celebrations, when the statues of Amun, Mut and Khonsu were brought from Karnak Whereas his father, Amenhotep III, had sought to reduce the increasing power of the priesthood, Akhenaton practically dismantled it. Ancient Egyptians - Amenhotep I Click a link for additional information and interesting facts about subjects relating to King Amenhotep I, the greatest pharaohs of Egypt or other aspects of daily life, the people and places of ancient Egypt. LATEST. There are only four registered tombs in this area, including WV23, belonging to King Ay. Meketaten Largely built by the New Kingdom pharaohs Amenhotep III (1390–1352 BC) and Ramses II (1279–1213 BC), this temple is a strikingly graceful monument in the heart of the modern town. 2. Luxor Temple was mostly constructed by pharaohs Amenhotep III and Ramesses II, with some additions by Tutankhamun, Alexander the Great, and the Romans. Below are some facts about the Pharaoh. The reign of Amenhotep III is seen as a high point in this dynasty. This is because his mummy is less than 5 feet 4 inches (1. Queen Tiye would later get married to Amenhotep III. Amenhotep III (Amenophis III) was the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt. Some famous craftsmen’s names still survive. Amenhotep III . The tomb of Tutankhamun was one of the first royal tombs to be discovered that was still largely intact, even though robbers had already accessed it in the past. Amenhotep II was succeeded by Thutmose IV, who in his turn was followed by his son Amenhotep III. He ascended the throne at the young age of 12 after the death of his father, Thutmose IV. The text glorifies King Merneptah’s victories over the Libyans and their Sea People allies. This colossal head was found in the Temple of Mut, the consort of the principal god Amun. His mother, Iset, was a secondary wife of the pharaoh. At some point during the later years of his reign, royal tomb workers upset over back pay went on strike, the first in recorded history. The contents of the royal tombs of Tuthmosis III, Tuthmosis IV, Amenhotep III and Horemheb and the tomb of Yuya and Thuya. His father left him a stable empire while being only twelve years old. Amenhotep III rose to the throne after his father, Thutmose IV, died. 10 Most Famous Myths Featuring The Amenhotep II was succeeded by Thutmose IV, who in his turn was followed by his son Amenhotep III, whose reign is seen as a high point in this dynasty. 8. Amenhotep III was a supporter of the arts, and during his reign magnificent buildings and sculptures were created. A daughter of Kadashman-Enlil, king of Babylon. During the reign of the previous dynasty, the political scenario of Egypt was quite unsettling. (New York: Facts of File Publications, 1984), p. C. When Amenhotep was around twelve years old his father died and Amenhotep was crowned pharaoh. Family. Each statue stands about 20 meters high and resemble Amenhotep III himself. During the final years of his reign, Thutmose III appointed his son Amenhotep II as his junior co-regent. eu Amenhotep III was the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. C. His reign lasted almost 40 years and He took the throne of Egypt at the early age of 12. Amenhotep kept many of the alliances his father had made, and overall, had peaceful relationships with other nations. Son of King Ahmose and Queen Ahmose Nefertari. 3. It was a time of peace when art and Egyptian culture flourished. He was succeeded by his son Amenhotep IV, better known as Akhenaten. Other authors would have no reason not to promulgate a version of the facts that raised the status of their own city. The Luxor Temple is constructed of sandstone blocks from Nubia, in southwest Egypt. His queen was named Tiye. The two other campaigns were directed in the seventh and ninth years of his reign. Artifacts from the tomb of Tutankhamun, consisting of more than 3500 Pieces 9. He ruled during a time of peace, called the Amarna The Mortuary Temple of Pharaoh Amenhotep III was built in the West Bank of the River Nile. Amenhotep III rose to the throne after his father, Thutmose IV, died. Amenhotep III's mortuary temple is located on the Western bank of the Nile River, across from the Eastern bank city of Luxor, and originally is considered the largest temple ever erected in Egypt. When Thutmose III was still a young child, probably two or three years old, his father died. Chief of which, was insuring Egypt's security and promoting trade. 15) that his team's research showed that Tut's mother was, like Akhenaten, the daughter of Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. DNA evidence reveals the truth about the boy king's parents and new clues to his untimely death. Colossal granite head of Akhenaten’s father Amenhotep III. News of his vacations, massive public works projects, conquests, and marriages were chiseled on large stone scarab seals and distributed throughout the empire. during the reign of Amenhotep III (1390–1352 b. 0 out of 5 starsSEDUCED BY THE PHARAOH. Either way, there is no clear relationship between Moses and Ramesses II. Tutankhamen was said to be the first born son who died in the plague (Exodus 12:29) making his brother, Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) the crown prince. In the Amarna letters and inscriptions Tiye continued to be referred to as the King’s Wife and beloved. Over the years there have been discoveries of a little over 258 statues of Amenhotep III. Nov 7, 2020 - Is the claim that the ancient Egyptians were black (had dark skin) supported by history? If not, what race were they, and how do we know? - Quora Amarna Letter Key Facts: Discovered in 1887 at Amarna in Middle Egypt; c. Name Email Website. C. Cleopatra: Facts & Biography. 350 cuneiform tablets, mainly letters sent to Egypt, but a few drafts of outgoing letters; Largely covers the reigns of Amenhotep III and his son, Akhenaten (of Egypt’s 18th Dynasty) Two types of correspondence: A number of 778 objects to be moved on Thursday from storage in Luxor and Esna to the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) The objects are from different eras of ancient Egyptian periods but mostly New Kingdom. Thutmose III was initially made the head of Hatshepsut’s armies. Tutmoses III son from a concubine was the father of Amenhotep III. 7. When it inevitably sank, he got angry when Erimem laughed The Colossi of Memnon was built in the New Kingdom (18th Dynasty) by Amenhotep III who reigned from 1391-1353 BCE. 1370 BC was found in the temple enclosure of Mut at Karnak in Egypt. Pharaoh Amenhotep III actually defended his new bride when others questioned if she was appropriate to be his q Amenhotep II. He was the 2nd pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty. c. July 11, 2018. Tiye continued to be mentioned in the Amarna letters and in inscriptions as queen and beloved of the king. 4. 1379 bc) King of ancient Egypt. Born Amenhotep, Akhenaten was the son of Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye a descendent of a Hebrew tribe. 9. Additional artwork and info. A daughter of Burna-Buriash, the ruler of Babylon. The 18th dynasty rulers also controlled the resources of some areas in Mesopotamia, Levant, Libya, and the Nubian Kingdom of Kush. Read More on This Topic ancient Egypt: Amenhotep III Interesting Facts about Amenhotep III Amenhotep III was born in 1392 BCE. Akhenaten (Ikhenaten, Akhenaton, or Amenhotep IV) was born on about 1354 B. com See full list on discoveringegypt. Amenhotep III (Amenhotep Heqawaset) Information on the family, reign, religion and art of Amenhotep III. He ruled Egypt for about forty years, a period marked with remarkable peace and prosperity. Each statue stands about 20 meters high and resemble Amenhotep III himself. Wife of Akhenaten. 79 MB Key Facts & Information THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE TEMPLE. ” Amenhotep III's reign was one of the most prosperous periods of ancient Egypt and filled with achievements in art and culture. Isis, Osiris, and Horus. amenhotep iii facts